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American Council of Christian Churches documents on the Black Manifesto

Collection number: ahc.MSS936f

Scope and Content

This collection contains a reprint of James Forman's 1969 speech "The Black Manifesto," in which he calls for reparations to African Americans from white Christian churches. Also included is a pamphlet published by the American Council of Christian Churches defaming James Forman, and an order form for more relevant literature.


  • 1969, undated


Conditions Governing Access

This collection is open for research.

Conditions Governing Reproduction and Use

Unpublished manuscripts are protected by copyright. All requests to publish, quote, or reproduce must be submitted through the Kenan Research Center.

Administrative/Biographical History

The American Council of Christian Churches, a right-wing, separatist evangelical organization, was founded in 1941 by Carl McIntire (1906-2002), a pro-segregation fundamentalist minister. "The Black Manifesto" was a speech delivered by James Forman, a civil rights activist, in 1969 to the congregation of Riverside church. Foreman was involved with the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee, the Black Panther Party, and the League of Revolutionary Black Workers. In his speech, he demands reparations from white religious institutions for slavery. The American Council of Christian Churches responded to Forman's speech by publishing material that disputed his position.


1 folder(s)



Immediate Source of Acquisition

Gift, 2012

Description Control

This collection was processed in 2019.
American Council of Christian Churches documents on the Black Manifesto
Rebecca Grieco
December 2019
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
Script of description
Code for undetermined script
Language of description note
Finding aid is written in English.

Repository Details

Part of the Kenan Research Center at the Atlanta History Center Repository

130 West Paces Ferry Road
Atlanta GA 30305