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Fred L. Howe Cotton States and International Exposition Photographs

Collection number: ahc.VIS145

Scope and Contents of the Records

This collection contains photographs taken by Fred L. Howe at the Cotton States and International Exposition. Photographs in the collection contain images of buildings and grounds, and exhibitions featuring advances in transportation, electricity, forestry, agriculture, and art. Other photographs of exhibitions feature Confederate history, African American and Native American culture and history, and the Liberty Bell on loan from the city of Philadelphia. The collection also illustrates exhibitions showcasing cultures from African and the Middle East. Included among the images are those of the Exposition’s officers, including it’s President, Atlanta banker Charles A. Collier, as well as the President of the Woman’s Board, Mrs. Joseph Thompson. Other photographs feature amusement park rides, a procession of the New York Press Club from the Georgia State Capitol building to the park, and an image taken during the visit of President Grover Cleveland on October 23rd.


  • 1895


Restrictions on Access

This collection is open for research.

Conditions Governing Reproduction and Use

Unpublished manuscripts are protected by copyright law. (Title 17, U.S. Code) Permission for use must be cleared through the Kenan Research Center at the Atlanta History Center. Licensing agreement may be required.

Administrative/Biographical History

Fred L. Howe (1857-1903) was a commercial photographer who practiced in Atlanta from 1895-1903. Howe produced portraits and did work for advertising companies and furniture companies in Atlanta and throughout the South. He was also a photographer for the Atlanta Constitution. The Cotton States and International Exposition was an international event that took place on the Piedmont Exposition grounds between September 18 – December 31, 1895. The Exposition was meant to foster trade between southern states and South American nations and to exhibit the resources of the region to the world. The Exposition was governed by a set of officers, directors, and committees that featured Atlanta banker and ex-mayor Charles A. Collier (1848-1900) as President and Director General. Exhibits showcased the latest technology in vital sectors of the American economy, while others focused on the accomplishments of women and blacks. An amusement park featuring rides and other popular attractions was also constructed for the event. Although most of the Exposition’s buildings were destroyed after the event, the city of Atlanta eventually purchased the grounds, which became the present-day Piedmont Park.


87 image(s) (one oversize album)



Arrangement of the Papers

Collection maintained in original order

Acquisition Information

Gift of Ilma Howe Brigham, 1966.

General Physical Description note

87 black and white photographic prints (1 photo album)


VIS 145 was previously cataloged as HOW.

Content Advisory

This collection contains original unedited versions of all content. Some material may contain depictions of violence, offensive language, or negative stereotypes reflecting the culture or language of a particular period or place. There may be instances of racist language and depictions. These items are presented as part of the historical record for the purpose of education and research. The viewpoints expressed in this collection do not necessarily represent the viewpoints of the Atlanta History Center or any of its officers, agents, employees, or volunteers.

Bias in Description

As archivists, we acknowledge our role as stewards of information. We choose how individuals and organizations are represented and described in our archives. We are not neutral, and bias is reflected in our descriptions, which may not accurately convey the racist or offensive aspects of collection materials. Archivists make mistakes and might use poor judgment. In working with this collection, we often re-use language used by the former owners of the material. This language provides context but often includes bias and prejudices reflective of the time in which it was created. The Kenan Research Center’s work is ongoing to implement reparative language where Library of Congress subject terms are inaccurate and obsolete.

Kenan Research Center welcomes feedback and questions regarding our archival descriptions. If you encounter harmful, offensive, or insensitive terminology or descriptions, please let us know by emailing Your comments are essential to our work to create inclusive and thoughtful description.

Processing Information

Collection processed in 2007.

Fred L. Howe Cotton States and International Exposition Photographs, 1895ahc.VIS 145
Inventory prepared by Helen Matthews
August 2009
Language of description
Script of description
Language of description note

Repository Details

Part of the Kenan Research Center at Atlanta History Center Repository

130 West Paces Ferry Road
Atlanta GA 30305