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Graham W. Jackson visual arts materials

 Collection
Collection number: ahc.VIS34

Scope and Content

This collection contains 1,668 images. The images depict Graham Jackson, his family, and Jackson's performances at various events and locations. Also featured are photographs of Franklin Delano Roosevelt at the Little White House in Warm Springs and theLife magazine photograph by Ed Clark. Other images of politicians include President Dwight D. Eisenhower, Georgia Governor Lester Maddox, and President Jimmy Carter. The majority of the photographs are portraits of Jackson and his family or unidentified performances throughout his career, taken primarily from the 1960s to the early 1980s.

Dates

  • 1913-1981

Creator

Conditions Governing Access

This collection is open for research.

Conditions Governing Reproduction and Use

This material is protected by copyright law. (Title 17, U.S. Code) Permission for use must be cleared through the Kenan Research center at the Atlanta History Center. Licensing agreement may be required. .

Administrative/Biographical History

Graham Washington Jackson (22 February 1903- 15 January 1983) was born in Portsmouth, Virginia, and began his musical career at age seven accompanying silent movies. He played piano, organ, accordion, and led singing groups. Jackson attended Morehouse College, Chicago Musical College, Hampton Institute, Loyola (Chicago) University, and Atlanta University. He was a music teacher, an orchestra leader, and a radio station organist at WERD.

In 1924 he moved to Atlanta, Georgia as leader of a musical group, the Seminole Syncopators. He later became the orchestra leader and pianist for Bailey's 81 Theater on Auburn Avenue. In 1928, Jackson began teaching at Booker T. Washington High School, where he remained until 1940. Jackson married Helen Balton of Birmingham, Alabama, in 1953 and had two sons, Graham Jackson, Jr. and Gerald Wayne Jackson.

In 1933, Jackson first met and performed for President Franklin D. Roosevelt at the Little White House in Warm Springs, Georgia. In 1942, he enlisted in the United States Navy where he was assigned to recruitment and entertainment duties. The U.S. Treasury Department commended him for bond sales totaling more than $2 million. Jackson obtained worldwide recognition following the publication of the April 17, 1945 issue of Life magazine which published a photograph taken by Ed Clark. The image of him playing Going Home on his accordion for President Roosevelt's funeral procession, as it left Warm Springs, became one of the most remembered images surrounding President Roosevelt's death.

Graham Jackson built a home in Atlanta modeled after Franklin Roosevelt's Little White House in Warm Springs. The original address was 60 Abbott Street, Atlanta, Georgia, but Jackson had the name of the road changed to White House Drive.

Graham Jackson played for five other U.S. presidents: Harry Truman, Dwight D. Eisenhower, John F. Kennedy, Lyndon B. Johnson, and Jimmy Carter. In 1969, Georgia Governor Lester Maddox, a well-known segregationist, appointed Jackson to the State Board of Corrections. He was the first African American to hold such an office in Georgia since Reconstruction. Georgia Governor Jimmy Carter named Jackson the state's official musician on November 30, 1971.

Graham Jackson appeared on Ed Sullivan's Toast of the Town and Dave Garroway's Today Show. In 1985, Jackson was inducted posthumously into the Georgia Music Hall of Fame.

Extent

1668 image(s)