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O.A.S.I.S. and H.O.P.E. papers of Frances D. Green

Collection number: ahc.MSS374

Scope and Contents

This collection consists of correspondence, meeting agendas, minutes, memoranda, and committee reports that Frances D. Green (1910-?) collected from O.A.S.I.S. and H.O.P.E. Included in the files are O.A.S.I.S. articles of association, by-laws, handwritten meeting notes, correspondence, and membership lists. The correspondence contains a description of groups and individuals identified by H.O.P.E. as distributors of “hate-literature” opposing integration. Of particular note is a letter and report from mayoral candidate Ivan Allen Jr., in which he states his support of the organization. The collection also includes letters and reports concerning cooperating organizations as well as publications and news articles about school integration.


  • 1955-1961, undated


Conditions Governing Access

This collection is open for research.

Conditions Governing Use

Unpublished manuscripts are protected by copyright. All requests to publish, quote, or reproduce must be submitted through the Kenan Research Center.

Biographical / Historical

O.A.S.I.S. (Organizations Assisting Schools in September) was a grassroots organization founded in Atlanta, Georgia, in 1961 to implement the “Atlanta Plan” for the desegregation of public schools. O.A.S.I.S. emerged from an earlier group, H.O.P.E., Inc. (Help Our Public Education), which began as a parents' study group aimed at keeping Atlanta public schools open during a period in which the Georgia General Assembly considered closing them rather than integrate, called the Sibley Commission. By 1961, H.O.P.E., Inc. considered the initial goal of simply keeping schools open during integration to be fulfilled, and focused O.A.S.I.S. on the peaceful desegregation of Atlanta’s schools in the Fall of 1961. Frances D. Green (1910-?) was a member of O.A.S.I.S. and an Atlanta city school counselor.

O.A.S.I.S's primary goal was to make known to every Atlantan the facts of the city's integration plan and its effects upon the public school system. To do this, the group sponsored meetings with students and parents and established a Speaker’s Bureau which supplied discussion leaders for civic, religious, and professional groups. O.A.S.I.S. also formed sub-committees around youth-serving agencies, church groups, and neighborhood associations. These sub-committees included members of civic and religious organizations such as the Atlanta Chamber of Commerce, the Atlanta Council of Churches, and H.O.P.E., Inc. itself. Atlanta’s synagogues, the Jewish Community Council, the Catholic Church, and over fifty other civic, professional, and business organizations supported O.A.S.I.S. Membership included white, multi-racial, and African American organizations.


.42 linear ft. (one document case)



Immediate Source of Acquisition

Gift, 1976

Existence and Location of Copies

This collection has been digitized and is available on the African American Communities database, available in the Kenan Research Center.

Related Materials

H.O.P.E. (Help Our Public Eduction), MSS 427, Kenan Research Center, Atlanta History Center

Bias in Description

As archivists, we acknowledge our role as stewards of information. We choose how individuals and organizations are represented and described in our archives. We are not neutral, and bias is reflected in our descriptions, which may not accurately convey the racist or offensive aspects of collection materials. Archivists make mistakes and might use poor judgment. In working with this collection, we often re-use language used by the former owners of the material. This language provides context but often includes bias and prejudices reflective of the time in which it was created. The Kenan Research Center’s work is ongoing to implement reparative language where Library of Congress subject terms are inaccurate and obsolete.

Kenan Research Center welcomes feedback and questions regarding our archival descriptions. If you encounter harmful, offensive, or insensitive terminology or descriptions, please let us know by emailing Your comments are essential to our work to create inclusive and thoughtful description.

Processing Information

This collection was reprocessed in 2022.

O.A.S.I.S. and H.O.P.E. papers of Frances D. Green
Leah Lefkowitz
November 2022
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
Script of description

Repository Details

Part of the Kenan Research Center at Atlanta History Center Repository

130 West Paces Ferry Road
Atlanta GA 30305